Autumn Oak Speech, Voice and Hearing clinic follows the Orton-Gillingham methodology which primarily helps individuals with reading, writing, and spelling. This program is a multisensory approach which teaches simultaneously visual (what we see), auditory (what we hear), and kinesthetic-tactile (what we do) to enhance memory and learning.
The Orton-Gillingham approach includes six content elements which are important for reading success:
- Phonological awareness – the teaching of the specific sounds of language and the ability to segment words. The student should be able to distinguish and reproduce the fundamental sounds of the language.
- Sound-Symbol Association – It is important for individuals to learn and associate the sounds with the letters that represent them. They must be able to read the letter and make the sound. They must also be able to hear the sound then draw the letter.
- Semantics/Comprehension – To read without comprehending is not to read at all, and so semantics, or the comprehension of written text, is critical. It is common for weak readers to read through the text only to arrive at the end and have no idea what they just read.
- Syllables – Instruction must include the teaching basic syllables and syllable division rules.
- Syntax/Grammar – How to order words in a sentence is taught explicitly through the study of grammar, sentence structure and good writing practices.
- Morphology – The study of root words, prefixes, and suffixes with an aim to understand how words can be built up and manipulated to change their meaning.
Symptoms of children who would benefit from the reading program include:
- Weakness in auditory and/or visual processing
- Weak phonemic awareness (unaware of the role sounds played in words)
- Difficulty rhyming words
- Difficulty blending sounds to make words
- Difficulty segmenting words into sounds
- Difficulty acquiring sight vocabulary (sight words)
This program includes certain features such as:
- Phonemic Awareness
- Reading Comprehension
- Written Expression